Which, if any, community driven development (CDD) programmes explicitly discuss or deal with indigenous or ethnic minority issues? Which, if any, CDD programmes explicitly discuss or deal with disability issues?
Few CDD programmes explicitly address minority issues. Many programmes target vulnerable groups such as women, youth, disabled, ethnic minorities, but as one group rather than distinguishing their differing needs. Few programmes are targeted specifically at vulnerable groups alone. Many programmes focus on reducing poverty and vulnerability, with the implicit assumption that this will automatically include vulnerable groups. The wider literature on CDD inclusion tends to look at elite capture of CDD processes, rather than social inclusion. As a result, minority populations are usually included via policies to encourage their participation in planning processes. There is very little evidence on CDD programmes’ impact and outcomes for minority groups.
Browne, E. Community-driven development and indigenous, ethnic minority, and disability issues (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 1132). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2014) 13 pp.