This analysis examined 7 resilience interventions delivered under DFID’s Arid Lands Support Programme (ASP) between 2013 and 2016. These interventions are being implemented by 7 international non-governmental organisations in 4 counties of northern Kenya, namely Mandera, Marsabit, Turkana and Wajir. The organisations whose work was examined are BOMA, CONCERN, Oxfam, Save the Children, Solidarites, Trocaire and World Vision.
This study was conducted using a methodology known as community-based cost benefit analysis (CBCBA). The aim of the tool is to inform decision making about development investments and programming.
The 7 projects examined by this study were designed to complement the Kenyan government’s Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP). This social protection programme is already active in the Arid Land Support Programme target counties, providing regular cash transfers to 100,000 households in this area as well as emergency support to up to 75% of its population in times of drought. The Arid Land Support Programme projects operate on a smaller scale, but complement the HSNP by fostering promising livelihood opportunities for the target communities.
The recommendations for future programming from the study included:
- increase fodder supplies via environmental rehabilitation
- target cultural beliefs that are undermining welfare
- support the commercialisation of livestock production
- support promising livelihood diversification options
- harness neglected opportunities within schooling
- address the underlying causes of ethnic conflict
- secure community ownership of interventions
This report has been produced by Landell Mills for Evidence on Demand with the assistance of the UK Department for International Development.
Siedenburg, J.; Community-based Cost Benefit Analysis (CBCBA). Findings from DFID Kenya’s Arid Lands Support Programme. Evidence on Demand, UK (2016) vi, 54 p