This paper is a working document, and the first stage in joint research
on the topic of collective land access rights for enhancing smallholder
livelihoods. The research will study the cases of Peru and Kenya and
analyse to what extent these lessons can be applied to other countries
in Africa and Latin America.
Land liberalisation policies and programmes based on giving individual
property rights implemented in the last decades have not produced the
expected results in improving rural peasant and/or native livelihoods in
Andean and African countries. Previous studies have found mixed results,
with more recent literature showing that these programmes were
ineffective in increasing productivity, input use or access to credit.
On the contrary, emerging literature suggests that maintaining
collective land access rights may have positive effects on rural
livelihoods in particular for indigenous and peasant communities. The
proposed research will investigate the effect of collective land access
on smallholder livelihoods, by comparing different sorts of collective
land access rights functioning in four territories in Peru and Kenya to
see under which conditions they achieve positive performances in
Njagi, T.; Kirimi, L.; Damonte, G.; Glave, M. Collective Land Access Rights for Enhancing Smallholder Livelihoods. Practical Action, Lima, Peru (2015) 24 pp.