Designing community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) programmes, or working out how best to support CBNRM, is not easy and conflicts are probably unavoidable, if not inherent.
This paper draws on findings from 2 Indian research projects, one concerned with self-initiated community forest management in Orissa and the other concerned with goat feeding systems in the semi-arid parts of north west India.
The paper describes the CBNRM context, stakeholders and conflicts in each project area and also considers the implications of such conflicts and the approaches that can be used to identify, avoid, minimise and manage conflict.
Conroy, C. and Albright, K. 2000. Co-operation and conflict in community-based natural resources management in India. Paper presented at the Development Studies Association/Bradford University conference on ‘Environmental resources: Conflict, cooperation and governance’, May 17-18 2000.