CLP Graduation Rates: How Sustainable Are They?


During the first half of 2014, CLP and the donors finally agreed a set of criteria and methodology to define “graduation”. A household must meet (any) six out of ten criteria within three months of CLP support ending to graduate. The graduation rates for Cohorts 2.1-2.4 were established in November 2014. Overall graduation for Cohorts 2.1-2.4 was 85%, in line with CLP’s logframe target.

It is important to assess whether this measure of success is sustainable after the 18 months cycle of support ends. Each year the Programme’s Innovation, Monitoring, Learning and Communications Division conducts a survey (normally September/ October) which collects information from a sample of CPHHs from each cohort, including CLP 1 households.

This report provides information on the extent to which graduation rates are sustainable over time. Analysis of the data shows that graduation rates for Cohorts 2.1 to 2.4 have not changed in the (weighted average) 16.7 months since the end of CLP support. Graduation rates were found to be 85% for Cohorts 2.1 to 2.4 in the most recent annual survey (September 2014). The proportion of CLP 1 households meeting 6 of the criteria in the most recent annual survey was 66% (between 4.5 and 7 years after CLP support ended.) This is a relatively good achievement considering CLP 1 households are being judged against CLP 2 criteria.

It is primarily the access to water and economic criteria (cash savings and more than one income source) which are met by relatively fewer households across several points in time. The access to water criteria is being addressed (with the water re-sweep policy) and will likely lead to a continuing increase in the proportion of households meeting this criteria in future. The criteria related to empowerment, hygiene and food security are the criteria that relatively higher proportions of households meet across all points in time.

In 2012 CLP monitoring data showed that not all households were succeeding, based on the value of their productive assets. This report again shows that just under 20% of CLP 1 households do not succeed (based on value of productive assets falling below Tk 10,000). That said, there is a sizeable proportion of households (28% of CLP 1 households) that have productive assets in excess of Tk 70,000.


Kenward, S.; Hannan, M.; O’Donnell, E. CLP Graduation Rates: How Sustainable Are They? Chars Livelihoods Programme (CLP), (2015) 21 pp.

CLP Graduation Rates: How Sustainable Are They?

Published 1 January 2015