The economies of east African countries (Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Sudan) are largely dependent on exploitation of natural resources - which are sensitive to climate variability and climate change. These countries are likely to suffer disproportionately from climate change considering their limited contribution to global warming in terms of fossil fuel consumption. Climate variability is already having a large negative effect on the regions socio-economic development. This is likely to worsen with climate change; hence the need to vigorously pursue adaptation to climate change. Climate change is likely to compound the difficulties faced by a region where agricultural yields and per capita food production have been steadily declining and where population growth will double demand for food, water and livestock forage in the next 30 years. This scoping study aims to: establish what developing country stakeholders regard as the most urgent research needs in relation to climate change and its implications for poverty reduction and sustainable development; identify what research other funders have supported, or are supporting, as well as where there are gaps; and provide a clear definition of researchable problems.
London, UK: IIED, 20 pp.
Climate change and development: a consultation on key researchable issues. Section 5.1: East Africa regional scoping study.