Classical biological control (CBC) is the introduction of a natural enemy of exotic origin to control a pest, usually also exotic, aiming at permanent control of the pest. CBC has been carried out widely over a variety of target organisms, but most commonly against insects, using parasitoids and predators and, occasionally, pathogens. Until 2010, 6158 introductions of parasitoids and predators were made against 588 insect pests, leading to the control of 172 pests.
Kenis, M.; Hurley, B.P.; Hajek, A.E.; Cock, M.J.W. (2017) Classical biological control against insect pests of trees: facts and figures. Biological Invasions 19(11), 3401–3417.
Classical biological control against insect pests of trees: facts and figures
Published 1 November 2017