The Nepal case study is excerpted from a full-length report published by Saferworld that focuses upon China’s role in conflict-affected countries. The aim of the research in Nepal was to test the hypothesis that China’s increasing engagement will have a significant effect on peace and stability in Nepal, and to consider what the implications are for policy actors in China, as well as in the West. It explores how China’s engagement in Nepal may affect identified conflict drivers and dynamics, both directly and indirectly. This is considered in the context of wider regional and international relations, with particular reference to the role of India.
The case study is structured in seven sections. The Background provides a brief overview of the current context, including an assessment of conflict drivers and regional dynamics. This is followed by an examination of the extent and nature of China’s involvement in Nepal, looking at a broad spectrum of engagement including economic, military and diplomatic. There is then an analysis of the mix of foreign policy principles and context-specific interests that motivate China’s engagement. The role of other major international players in Nepal, notably India, is also considered. Based on this, the study explores the impact that China’s increasing engagement is likely to have upon conflict issues in Nepal; both directly and as it may affect the engagement of other actors. The case study concludes with options for policy makers to respond proactively to China’s growing role in Nepal.
Campbell, I. China and conflict-affected states – between principle and pragmatism. Nepal case study. Saferworld, (2012) 29 pp.