Characterization of morphological diversity of jute mallow (Corchorus spp.)

Jute mallow is a leaf vegetable that is an important part of daily diet for the majority of people in rural areas in sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

Jute mallow is a traditional leaf vegetable that is an important part of daily diet for the majority of people in rural areas in sub-Saharan Africa. Here we employed quantitative and qualitative phenotypic traits to assess the morphological diversity of 90 accessions using univariate and multivariate analyses. Field experiments were conducted for two seasons to identify accessions suitable for leaf yield. The accessions were significantly variable in all traits. Highest variability among accessions was found in harvest index, biomass yield, and weight of 1000 seeds. The traits that significantly correlated with biomass yield include plant height (γ= 0.448), petiole length (γ= 0.237), primary branches (γ= 0.319), and number of leaves per plant (γ= 0.333). Principal component analysis showed that the first five PCs with eigenvalues ≥1 explained 72.9% of the total variability in the accessions. Pods per plant, primary branches, secondary branches, and number of leaves per plant accounted for highest variability in PC1. Cluster analysis grouped the accessions into five major clusters mainly based on their origin. Thus, the collection displayed high variation in morphological traits, particularly those related to leaf yield. These accessions are therefore useful in breeding for the improvement of the crop and germplasm management.

This article is the result of funding from the World Vegetable Center. The World Vegetable Center is partly funded by the UK Department for International Development

Citation

Ngomuo, M.; Stoilova, T.; Feyissa, T.; Ndakidemi, P.A. 2017. Characterization of morphological diversity of jute mallow (Corchorus spp.). International Journal of Agronomy. 2017:6460498.

Characterization of morphological diversity of jute mallow (Corchorus spp.)

Published 8 August 2017