In this paper, the author argues that the next round of agricultural growth offers a huge potential for welfare enhancement provided the policies are robust enough to bring in a paradigm shift in the manner in which the expected growth in productivity is to be achieved. The conventional source of productivity enhancement, especially since the Green Revolution, had centred round water as well as input intensive practices. The challenge now is to shift towards water efficient and knowledge/ employment intensive systems of agricultural production. Achieving this would require a more nuanced approach, which incorporates differential agro-ecological features on the one hand, and employment-livelihood needs on the other.
Indian Journal of Labour Economics (2006) 49 (4) 821-835