One of a series of 13 briefs exploring the strengths and weaknesses of
the policies advocated in Paul Collier's controversial and influential
book 'The Bottom Billion'.
Geography can be an important factor in determining a country’s
prospects and being landlocked is a drawback for poor countries. In The
Bottom Billion Paul Collier highlights how being landlocked is primarily
an 'African problem' and how it increases when a nation is surrounded
by 'bad neighbors' – a combination which leads to a development trap.
But are the costs as great as Collier believes and what are the policy
implications? As landlocked countries are not all alike, they should be
treated differently and it is important to address the social and
political dimensions as well as the technical aspects of getting goods
to international markets.
IDS In Focus Issue 3.6, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK, 4 pp.
Challenges and Policy Options Facing the Landlocked