One of a series of 13 briefs exploring the strengths and weaknesses of the policies advocated in Paul Collier's controversial and influential book 'The Bottom Billion'.
Geography can be an important factor in determining a country’s prospects and being landlocked is a drawback for poor countries. In The Bottom Billion Paul Collier highlights how being landlocked is primarily an 'African problem' and how it increases when a nation is surrounded by 'bad neighbors' – a combination which leads to a development trap. But are the costs as great as Collier believes and what are the policy implications? As landlocked countries are not all alike, they should be treated differently and it is important to address the social and political dimensions as well as the technical aspects of getting goods to international markets.
IDS In Focus Issue 3.6, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK, 4 pp.