The Zambia Child Grant Programme (CGP) forms part of the Government of Zambia’s flagship social protection cash transfer programmes. Implemented in 2010 by the Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child Health (MCDMCH), the programme currently reaches 20 000 ultra‑poor households with children under five years of age in three districts (Shangombo, Kalabo and Kaputa). At the time of the baseline household survey for this study in 2010, beneficiary households received 55 Kwacha (ZMK) a month (equivalent to about USD 12) independent of household size, an amount subsequently increased to 60 ZMK a month. The grant represents 28 percent of monthly per capita consumption of beneficiary households. Given the fixed amount, in per capita terms the transfer is larger for smaller-sized households.
The goal of the CGP is to reduce extreme poverty and the intergenerational transfer of poverty. The objectives of the programme are to (1) supplement and not replace household income; (2) increase the number of children enrolled in and attending primary school; (3) reduce the rate of mortality and morbidity among children under 5 years old; (4) reduce stunting and wasting among children under 5 years old; (5) increase the number of households owning assets such as livestock; and (6) increase the number of households that have a second meal a day.
FAO. CGP Positively Impacted Productive Activities and Labour Allocation in Zambia. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy (2014) 2 pp.