Can you share some insights about what are the advantages and disadvantages of a centralised vs. decentralised approaches in combating corruption and building-up an effective integrity framework? Which approach is more promising?
The institutional arrangements governing ACAs greatly varies across countries - including with regard to their level of specialisation and centralisation - based on the local governance context and the specific circumstances that brought them into existence. Some countries have established a separate and centralised institution exclusively dealing with corruption, while others have opted for strengthening the anti-corruption capacity of a set of existing institutions or for a combination of both approaches. Some have also created several specialised bodies with complementary and sometimes overlapping mandates.
Chêne, M. Centralised versus decentralised anti-corruption institutions. U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, CMI, Bergen, Norway (2012) 9 pp. [U4 Expert Answer 323]