This paper explores the demographic characteristics that affect flood
vulnerability in rural Charsadda, Pakistan. It develops a Demographic
Vulnerability Ranking (DVR) method and applies it to vulnerable
households in Charsadda, in order to distinguish between the more
vulnerable and less vulnerable households. The ranking assesses
household vulnerability using the demographic composition of the
individuals that make the household. The method is validated against the
Fawad Khan Damage and Recovery Index, developed by the Institute of
Social and Environmental Transition Pakistan (ISET-PK; Khan 2012), which
differentiates between vulnerable and resilient households to floods,
using damage and recovery data. Although, specific to Charsadda, the DVR
method can be used in other locations, provided that they are
geographically and culturally similar to Charsadda. The DVR examines
household size, gender, adult illiteracy, age dependency and income
dependency of the individuals within the household in order to assess
vulnerability to floods. This study identifies gender as the most vital
demographic characteristic, in households recovering from floods in
Charsadda. It then follows that early relief and recovery operations for
floods could focus on targeting households with a higher gender ratio in
order to be most effective.
This report forms appendix 4 of the Final Technical Report of the Indus Floods Research Project.
Malik, S. Case study: exploring demographic dimensions of flood vulnerability in rural Charsadda, Pakistan. Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET), Boulder, Colorado, USA (2012) 69 pp.
Case study: exploring demographic dimensions of flood vulnerability in rural Charsadda, Pakistan