This case study looks at three community-based initiatives and
community-driven interventions to improve care for people with HIV/AIDS
and to prevent its transmission in Migule, Tanzania. These projects were
initiated by political mandate, by a regional women's organisation, and
by a local initiative. The study of these three initiatives in Migule
focused on the functioning of community-based workers (CBWs), ie.,
elected, selected, appointed, or self-appointed volunteers who worked in
their communities to improve their situation. The questions that guide
this study can be condensed in three key questions: a) How is individual
participation in collective activity shaped? b) What is the role of CBWs
in such collective activity? And c) What is (or should be) the role of
institutions in pro-poor development?
Case study: community-based HIV/AIDS prevention and care systems, Northern Tanzania. Working Paper No. 5, Bradford Centre for International Development, University of Bradford, UK, 74 pp.