This group of 3 case studies that have been collected under the heading 'Urban upgrading' form part of a project on mainstreaming gender in water projects to bring issues of social exclusion in the practical development of infrastructure in low-income countries into the core of project planning and design. They have been kept short and edited slightly to bring out the engineering issues. Topics covered are: Community participation - time, space and resources; Including the excluded; and The vital role of women in integrated development.
WEDC, Loughborough, UK, 8 pp.
Case studies: Urban upgrading [Practical Guide to Mainstreaming Gender in Water Projects].