South Africa's post-apartheid constitution requires local authorities to consult communities prior to any decision being taken that might affect them. Area Coordinating Teams (ACTs) are a key mechanism for doing this in the city of Cape Town. ACTs are intended to encourage politicians, bureaucrats and communities to reach consensus in planning, housing, health care and infrastructure.
Williams, J.J. Cape Town’s Area Coordinating Committees - bottom up participatory planning at work? id21 Research Highlight: 26 May (2004) 2 pp.