According to the UN (2012), 52 per cent of the world’s population now resides in urban areas, with 90 per cent of the world’s population growth occurring in cities located in developing countries. The rapid urbanisation confronting developing countries is placing tremendous pressure on service delivery, in particular of water and sanitation. This has led to significant numbers of the population lacking access to both. Several factors can be attributed to this poor performance in service provision including: lack of finances to expand services to those in need; the lack of human and financial resources; unaffordable technologies and payment systems; poor community–government relations; the lack of community organisation; the lack of governments’ prioritisation; and the lack of accountability on service providers and consumers.
This report seeks to give an overview of the current situation with regards to water and sanitation provision as well as assess the factors affecting service provision in Kitwe, Zambia. The report also explores and presents the type of services currently being offered there by service providers (both public and private).
Anon. Building city-wide sanitation strategies from the bottom up: A situational analysis for Kitwe, Zambia. (2014) 55 pp.