Migration and health are inter-related in a number of ways. Most obviously, the movement of human populations can promote the spread of diseases, and place migrants in positions where their health suffers. However, migration may be a form of livelihood diversification and so ill health may deny some individuals the opportunity to migrate. For example, remittances generated by migration may be critical in promoting access to essential treatment and drugs. This may also promote health-seeking behaviour and the spread of knowledge of health and technology.
There is a considerable and growing body of literature on the relationship between migration and health, although little to date that has focused specifically on the potential impacts of migration for achievement of the Millennium Development Goals on Health. This briefing summarises some of the available evidence in this field, and highlights ongoing work being carried out by the Migration Development Research Centre at the University of Sussex.
Sussex, UK, DRC on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty, 4 pp.