The ‘New Variant Famine’ hypothesis posits a causal link between high HIV prevalence and recent food insecurity in southern Africa. Use of the term ‘famine’ in relation to the food crises has proved controversial. The NVF hypothesis associates famine with declining household level 'entitlements' to food. Studies of the impact of AIDS generally adopt a sustainable livelihoods approach. It is important that such studies should not focus exclusively on the household level.
Averting ‘New Variant Famine’, Briefing Notes No. 2 February 2008, Brunel University, London, UK, 2 pp.