This brief summaries a research paper
The research sets out to understand the relationship between women ‘having an independent income’ (one of Chars Livelihoods Programme’s empowerment indicators) and CLP’s other 9 empowerment indicators. Significant correlations were seen between having an independent income and six other empowerment indicators: influencing investment decisions; keeping the family cash; having personal savings; being invited to social occasions; attending meetings or trainings; and becoming a member of a committee.
Changes in male perceptions towards women earning their own income source were seen to develop over time and related to: increased financial stability; an increase and confidence in women’s decision-making; women having increased control over family finances; and increased social participation, as well as having the confidence to participate. A reduction in social stigma was noted and overall, women reported an increase in respect from their husbands and other community members.
Anon. Brief: Women as entrepreneurs: the impact of having an independent income on women’s empowerment. Chars Livelihoods Programme (2014) 4 pp.