Biodiversity in aquatic systems in relation to aquaculture
This paper first considers the perception and dimensions of biodiversity. It is suggested that biodiversity can be viewed as a biospatial, hierarchically distributed structure of variability among living organisms with five levels of complexity (and including agricultural systems). Loss of biodiversity, value of biodiversity and knowledge of aquatic biodiversity are reviewed briefly. Methods for measuring biodiversity, especially at the genetic level, are discussed and considerable emphasis is laid on effective population size as a controlling factor in biodiversity.
Finally, a range of impacts of aquaculture upon biodiversity are considered, including competitive and introgressive effects from farmed stocks. The development and use of reversibly sterile strains is seen as highly beneficial to both aquaculture and the maintenance of biodiversity.
Beardmore, J.A.; Mair, G.C.; Lewis, R.I. Biodiversity in aquatic systems in relation to aquaculture. Aquaculture Research (1997) 28 (10) 829-839. [DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2109.1997.00947.x]