This paper examines the determinants of family planning service use and the barriers in accessing family planning services among urban poor women in Pakistan. Data were collected from a household survey of 5338 married women of reproductive age (15-45) from slum areas of six cities. The use of family planning services by women in urban slums is strongly linked to individual and household socioeconomic factors. In particular, women were ten times more likely to have used a family planning service if her husband approved. This research has highlighted two key issues regarding the provision of family planning services to the urban poor. First, the urban poor cannot be treated as a homogenous group; there exist important socio-demographic variations within the urban poor population in relation to their use of family planning services and the barriers faced in service utilization. Second, although the urban poor are both economically and physically disadvantaged in access to services, women identified socio-cultural factors as the greatest barrier to family planning service use. This finding is consistent with studies focusing on the general population of Pakistan.
Stephenson, R.; Hennink, M. Barriers to Family Planning Service Use among the Urban Poor in Pakistan. (2004) Opportunities and Choices Working Paper No. 2, 34 pp.