A novel Babesia species, designated Babesia bicornis sp. nov., was identified in three black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis) that died in wildlife areas in Tanzania and South Africa. Screening of black rhinoceroses in South Africa revealed, in addition to B. bicornis, a second parasite, designated Theileria bicornis sp. nov.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology (2003) 41 (5) 2239-2254 [DOI: 10.1128/JCM.41.5.2249-2254.2003]