In 2000, road traffic fatality rates among children in South Africa were estimated to be double the world rate. This was mainly as a result of the large number of pedestrian deaths, which accounted for 77% of child road traffic fatalities. This chapter assesses the response to the challenge of road traffic injuries among children in South Africa, and discusses some of the prevention strategies that could be adopted using the public health approach as a methodological framework. Current data have revealed that pedestrians accounted for most child road traffic injuries, followed by motor vehicle passengers and cyclists. Most fatalities occurred in the 5-9 and 15-19 year age groups, and boys were more at risk than girls across all age groups.
Matzopoulos, R.; du Toit, N.; van As, S.; Dawad, S. Assessing the Prevention Response to Child Road Traffic Injuries. In: van Niekirk, A.; Shahnaaz, S.; Seedat, M. (Eds.), Crime, Violence and Injury Prevention in South Africa, MRC University of South Africa. MRC, University of South Africa, South Africa (2008) ISBN 1-920015-08-6