In Niger, as in most African countries, the implementation of public policies poses enormous challenges: there is no guarantee that the state will deliver public goods and services of reasonable quality. Local measures to plug the gaps are usually informal, with all the strengths and weaknesses that informality implies. Some are more institutionalised. However, these can face opposition from the state, which may block local solutions without providing effective alternatives.
Olivier de Sardan, J.P. APPP Policy Brief 4. Providing public goods: Local responses to policy incoherence and state failure in Niger. Africa Power and Politics Programme (APPP), Overseas Development Institute, London, UK (2012) 4 pp. Available in English and French.