Appendix 3: Examples of Theories of Change.


This document provides examples of theories of change of different types. The range of examples represents how different groups have approached their theory of change thinking.

There is no 'perfect' example, as all theories of change should vary depending on the views of those involved in its development, the context and nature of the intervention, and the purpose for which the theory of change has been developed.

However, there are some core criteria which a theory of change should meet in order to optimise the usefulness of the product in communicating an overview of the intervention and the thinking behind it to an external audience.

DFID Evaluation Department has developed a checklist explaining these criteria. The examples in this document are annotated according to the checklist.


Vogel, I.; Stephenson, Z. Appendix 3: Examples of Theories of Change. DFID, London, UK (2012) 55 pp.

Appendix 3: Examples of Theories of Change.

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