This paper presents case studies that examine the barriers to effective policy responses to the problems of marginalised and vulnerable groups. The multiple deprivations experienced by some of these groups increases their likelihood of being not only poor, but chronically poor. Although theoretical understanding of the drivers, maintainers and interrupters of marginality, vulnerability and chronic poverty is now considerable and many donors and country governments have a coherent and multisectoral approach to poverty reduction, there are some problems that are still only weakly addressed. The case studies in this paper help us to understand why this might be the case, and illustrate the political economy and administrative barriers to policy innovation and implementation in Uganda and India.
Annex to CPRC Working Paper No. 47/ODI Working Paper No. 242, Illustrative Case Studies of the Fracture Points in Social PolicyFormation for Poverty Reduction, Overseas Development Institute (ODI), London, UK/Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, ISBN 1-904049-46-X, iv + 57 pp.