An Upside Down View of Governance


How should western policymakers respond to the challenges posed by weak or 'fragile' states across the developing world - states such as Sudan and Afghanistan that are unable to control their territories, provide security for their people, or deliver basic services?

Informal institutions and personalised relationships are usually seen as governance problems. However the research presented in this synthesis paper suggests that they can also be part of the solution. Donors have had limited success in trying to improve the investment climate, reform public services and fight corruption in poor countries by strengthening formal, rules-based institutions. They need to stop thinking about governance and development challenges in terms of models based on OECD experience, and instead pay much more attention to the informal institutions, relationships and interests that underpin formal arrangements.


Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. ISBN 978 1 85864 913 7, 94 pp.

An Upside Down View of Governance

Published 1 January 2010