In the past decade tourism has become an increasingly important economic growth point for Chiang Mai. However, analysis shows that Chiang Mai tourism sector activities emitted around 4,417,510 tons of CO2 equ. in the year 2011. Travel (including visitor travel by other Thai cities and abroad) is the largest source that generates the most of GHG emissions (4,228,702 tons of CO2 equ). Two other sources which contribute most of GHG emissions in tourism sector are the electricity, infrastructure and assets respectively. In Chiang Mai, large hotels are the major tourism businesses that produces the most GHG emissions, compared with other activities. Restaurants are the second business to contribute the most GHG emissions to the tourism sector. The third business which contributes one of the most GHG emission is local transportation.
This study looks the varying energy usage by the tourism sector in Chiang Mai. These results can be used to find the options to mitigate the GHG emissions, and it can be used to plan for the low carbon tourism in the administrative area of Chiang Mai municipality. Furthermore, this study also helps to create green or decent jobs for men and women in communities. This study can benefit policy makers to develop strategic and action plans relating to the sustainable urban tourism sector in the future.
Anon. An inventory of greenhouse gas emissions from tourism related activities in Chiang Mai municipality, Thailand. (2012) 55 pp.