Institution-building in Somalia has met with high levels of failure for two decades. But successes have occurred in other Somali-inhabited regions of the eastern Horn, and have been especially present at the local and municipal level. The most effective aid to institution-building in Somalia has been carefully calibrated support to hybrid local governance arrangements that enjoy a strong degree of local ownership and which deliver practical, urgently needed services.
Menkhaus, K. Aid and institution-building in fragile states: The case of Somali-inhabited eastern Horn of Africa. UNU-WIDER, Helsinki, Finland (2014) 15 pp. ISBN 978-92-9230-723-3 [WIDER Working Paper No. 2014/002]