This paper analyses the pathways and disconnects between agriculture and nutrition in the context of Pakistan, using a framework developed by theTackling the Agriculture-Nutrition Disconnect in India (TANDI) research programme. The pathways identified are: agriculture as a source of food; agriculture as a source of income; supply and demand factors in agriculture that impact household food security; non-food expenditure of income derived from agriculture; and, role of gender through female employment in agriculture and its impact on intra-household allocations, care practices and women's own energy expenditure.
The analysis highlights the importance of moving beyond understanding agriculture as a source of food for farm households, and examines the trade-off between self-consumption and the market price of food. The authors conclude that a research agenda that addresses these gaps can play a strategic role in addressing agriculture-nutrition disconnects and improve nutritional outcomes. Existing programmes and policies, such as cash transfer programmes and land grant schemes, that address themes in gender relations and access to land provide opportunities for grounded empirical and policy research.
Balagamwala, M.; Gazdar, H. Agriculture and Nutrition in Pakistan &#8211; Pathways and Disconnects. Collective for Social Science Research, Karachi, Pakistan (2013) 30 pp.