The centrepiece of the Malaysian approach to reducing inequality and inter-ethnic economic imbalances, and what can be termed loosely as its affirmative action plan, is the New Economic Policy (NEP). The NEP was introduced in 1970, and has two main objectives: first, to eradicate poverty, irrespective of race or ethnicity; second, to restructure society so as to remove the identification of race or ethnicity with economic status and/or function. The objectives of the NEP, lessons learned, background, details and impacts of the policy are outlined.
Inter-Regional Inequality Facility Policy Brief 13, Overseas Development Institute, UK, 4 pp.
Affirmative action, Malaysia.