Adverse events following immunization during mass vaccination campaigns at first introduction of a meningococcal A conjugate vaccine in Burkina Faso, 2010
MenAfriVac™ is a new meningococcal A conjugate vaccine developed to prevent meningitis outbreaks in Africa. It was first introduced during the last quarter of 2010 in three West African countries. We report on the monitoring of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) in Burkina Faso where more than 11 million people aged 1–29 years were vaccinated. Vaccine pharmacovigilance relied on stimulated passive AEFI surveillance countrywide and active surveillance for 12 clinical conditions in one sentinel district (Ziniaré) with 97,715 people eligible for vaccination. All AEFI occurring during the 10 days of mass campaign or the 42 subsequent days were to be notified. Serious AEFI were submitted to a national expert committee (NEC) for causality assessment. A total of 11,466,950 people were vaccinated with 1471 vaccinees reported to have experienced at least one AEFI (12.83 cases per 100,000). 1444 AEFI were minor; the most common of which were fever, headache, gastro-intestinal disorders and local reactions (2–7 cases per 100,000). Of 27 serious AEFI reported, four cases were classified by the NEC as related to vaccine (1 case per 3 million vaccinated) including one case each of exanthematous pustulosis, angioedema, bronchospasm and severe vomiting. Active surveillance identified 71 cases of the 12 conditions of interest. Convulsions, urticaria and bronchospasm were more frequently reported. Attack rates for those conditions were similar to the baseline rates recorded in the same population, over the same time period, a year earlier. With the exception of convulsions in the days following vaccination the distribution of time intervals between vaccination and the occurrence of symptoms did not reveal any temporal clustering. The monitoring of AEFI of MenAfriVac™ in Burkina Faso did not suggest special concern regarding the vaccine safety. However, reported possible hypersensitivity reactions to vaccine components would require further review to rule out any anaphylactic reaction.
Ouandaogo, C.R.; Yameogo, T.M.; Diomandé, F.V.K.; Sawadoho, C.; Ouedraogo, B.; Ouedraogo-Traore, R.; Pezzoli, L.; Djingarey, M.H.; Mbakuliyemo, N.; Zuber, P.L.F. Adverse events following immunization during mass vaccination campaigns at first introduction of a meningococcal A conjugate vaccine in Burkina Faso, 2010. Vaccine (2012) 30 (Supplement 2) B46-B51. [DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.12.112]