This paper reviews some of the current literature on LED with particular attention paid to rural areas and small and intermediate urban centres (SIUCs). Section 1 looks at the dominant strategies over recent years and presents some of the problems associated with them. Section 2 deals with the issue of space and assesses the issue of defining boundaries and rural-urban distinctions. Some of the impacts of globalisation are addressed in section 3 and then in section 4 the Rural Economic Enterprise Development framework is presented. After case studies of South Africa, Bangladesh and the transition economies, the three final sections deal with issues of fostering entrepreneurship, uneven development and responsibility. Issues of linkages will be dealt with in every section in order to sufficiently demonstrate their importance and relevance to LED. Infrastructure will also be referred to in each section as this is inextricably linked to all aspects of LED.
Davis, J., Rylance, C., Addressing poverty through local economic and enterprise development: A review of conceptual approaches and practice. Working Paper 3, Chatham, UK, Natural Resources Institute, 32 pp.