This paper hypothesizes that adaptation to climate change is influenced by the gender of the decision maker of the household. Using a two-wave household panel survey dataset, choice of adaptation strategies employed by female- and male-headed households are examined. A multinomial logit model is used to examine factors determining adaptation choices by gender. Findings reveal that gender of the household head matters in adaptation to climate-induced shocks. Specific differences were found regarding responses during drought, regarding crop pest attacks, and livestock epidemics. Agro-ecological climate zones in which households live play a key role in adaptation options, yet gender matters.
Guloba, M. Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change in Uganda: Are there Gender Differences Across Households? UNU-WIDER, Helsinki, Finland (2014) 31 pp. ISBN 978-92-9230-828-5 [WIDER Working Paper No. 2014/107]