In October 1993 ACTIONAID began a two year action research project to
explore possible uses of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques
within adult literacy programmes. This has led to the development of the
REFLECT approach (Regenerated Freirean Literacy through Empowering
The action research was carried out in over 100 villages spread through
three projects in Uganda, El Salvador and Bangladesh (involving a total
of 1, 550 women and 420 men). These pilot projects were rigorously
documented and evaluated (with control groups) to determine the
practical value of using PRA techniques in adult literacy in very
Educational Paper No. 17, DFID, London, UK, ISBN 0 902500 72 4, 96 pp.
Action research report on “REFLECT”: Regenerated Freirean Literacy through empowering community techniques: the experiences of three Reflect pilot projects in Uganda, Bangladesh, El Salvador.