An efficient accident recording and analysis system is a basic requirement for any country attempting to tackle its road safety problem on a rational basis. In 1975, the Overseas Centre of TRL reported a survey of accident data recording and analysis systems in operation in developing countries, including 10 Asian countries. It was found that at that time, very few developing countries had computerised systems, and as a consequence only very basic analysis of their data was being carried out. The Overseas Centre began development of a Microcomputer Accident Analysis Package (MAAP) at the beginning of the 1980s and, at the same time, it began experimenting with new designs of police accident report forms that were intended to be both easy-to-use and compatible with computer coding.
The first trials of MAAP took place in Egypt in 1983, and in 1986 the Karachi Development Authority adopted the Package for analysis of its accident data. The first countries to adopt the system nationally were Papua New Guinea and Botswana in 1987. Major trials of the system currently underway in Asia are taking place in regions of China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Sri Lanka. Both the Indonesian and Malaysian police have adopted accident report forms nationwide that are based on TRL designs. This paper describes and compares the very different implementations of the Package in five of these countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea and Sri Lanka.
Proceedings of the Asian Road Safety Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 25-28 October 1993. TRL. pp. 18