Accident collection and analysis: The use of MAAP in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa.
An efficient accident data collection and analysis system is a basic requirement for any country determined to tackle its road safety problem. At the beginning of the 1980s the Overseas Centre at the Transport Research Laboratory began development of the Microcomputer Accident Analysis Package (MAAP). The first trials of MAAP took place in 1983, and in 1987 Botswana became the second country to adopt MAAP nationwide as
part of a National Road Safety Programme. Following a successful introduction, MAAP was then installed in Ghana (1989) and Zimbabwe (1991). During the mid 1990s full scale trials of MAAP were established in Malawi, Swaziland and Tanzania. In all six countries, MAAP has been in continuous use since its introduction.
This paper describes the use of MAAP within these six countries and describes their procedures for collecting, processing and analysing road accident data. A brief comparison of accident statistics for Botswana, Ghana and Zimbabwe derived from MAAP is also presented.
3rd African Road Safety Congress, Pretoria, 14 - 17 April 1997. TRL - Crowthorne, UK. pp. 14