This paper concentrates on exploring the issues around access or rather lack of access to WSS with particular reference to the peri-urban context. The first part of the paper compares two prevailing conceptual definitions of access to WSS in relation to a range of critical issues in our understanding of the problem. This is followed by an illustration of various consequences
that can be linked to the inadequate access to WSS, before examining the structural causes that put certain groups of people in the position of lacking access to WSS. Finally the paper outlines and discusses some possible positions 'the poor' can have in the process of gaining access to WSS before presenting some concluding remarks. Additionally, throughout the text, some theses the author has developed in the course of the literature review are
highlighted, which need to be tested in specific peri-urban localities.
This paper is also available from The Development Planning Unit website.
Hofmann, P. Access to Water Supply and Sanitation Services (WSS) - of Low-Income Households in the PUI of Developing Countries. (2004)