The aim of this study is to explore a variety of issues connected with the implementation of Free Primary Education (FPE) in Kenya in 2003 and the years following. The study was carried out in a total of 17 primary schools, located in four districts of Kenya. Each school was visited for one or two days, during July and August, 2007. Districts and schools were selected purposively, to provide as wide a variation in key contextual variables as could be achieved with the resources available. This report focuses on results for Nairobi City and Nyeri District, reporting on issues including enrolment and educational access.