Access, age and grade.
In many low enrolment countries children are over age for their grade. Conventional indicators of enrolment rates conceal this and better indicators are needed. Over age entry and progression disadvantages late starters; generates wide age ranges in classes and results in pedagogic difficulties; and is likely to especially disadvantage older girls. New efforts are need to ensure on age entry, progression close to age grade norms, and use of multi-grade methods where age in grade ranges remains wide.
CREATE Policy Brief, Number 2, 4 pp.