The DFID Crop Protection Programme (CPP) has produced a large array of
new technologies on weeds, diseases, insects and rodents, some of which
are based on a material product, while others are 'knowledge based'.
Making new technologies available to the farmers who need them is an
essential step in turning good research into impact on livelihoods, but
one which has not always received the attention it merits. This project
focused directly on that step, to accelerate the uptake of CPP research
outputs in Kenya. Thus the purpose of the project was to promote
pro-poor strategies for reducing key pests, and so improve yield and
quality of crops produced by small scale farmers in Kenya. This was
achieved through three outputs:
- CPP research outputs adopted by farmers in Kenya
- CPP research outputs promoted and disseminated to intermediary
- Farm level impact of adopted CPP research outputs determined.
Research outputs were promoted to farmers in Western Kenya through a
network of farmer field schools (FFS) already established by an ongoing
project funded by IFAD. The process was demand-led: farmers specified
the crops they wished to work on each season, and indicated the
constraints experienced in each crop. Technologies were collated from
CPP and other research programmes, and presented to the FFS facilitators
during three training workshops. The crops covered were beans, sweet
potato, maize, sorghum, kale and groundnuts. The facilitators introduced
the technologies to the FFS, and farmers chose the technologies to try
out in their own and/or group managed plots. Approximately 3600 farmers
were directly involved in the FFS with a further 1800 attending 30 FFS
open days to learn from their colleagues, along with nearly 400
representatives of intermediary and other local organizations.
FFS members were surveyed for their preferences on the content and
format of dissemination materials. Relevant existing materials were
collated, and adapted and modified where necessary, while new materials
were also created. Twenty two dissemination products were reproduced and
disseminated to intermediary organizations as well as through the FFS.
One of the products was a CD containing the source files for all the
materials, allowing intermediaries to develop or reproduce further
materials as required.
Surveys and farmer evaluations indicated positive impacts of the
technologies tested by farmers. Farmers reported 10-15% yield increase
in maize, sorghum and kale, and over 80% felt their food security had
been improved. Increased marketed surplus was also reported in the same
crops, contributing to improved farm incomes. Pesticide use did not
increase, but fertilizer use increased in all crops except sweet potato
where none was used. In all crops farmers reported an improvement in the
content and timeliness of the crop production information they had
received as a result of the project. Further work is required to make
specific inputs available in connection with the technologies that the
farmers found beneficial and wish to continue using.
Simons, S. Accelerated Uptake and Impact of CPP Research Outputs in Kenya. Final Technical Report 8299. (2005)
Accelerated Uptake and Impact of CPP Research Outputs in Kenya. Final Technical Report 8299