The development of a stable system of water rights provides a sound foundation for the development and protection of water resources and for the conservation of aquatic ecosystems. Such a system is a basic building block in the management tools used for demand management. At the outset it is important to note that there is no single best practice model as regards the permitting of abstractions. Each country has a unique relationship with its water resources, a relationship that is shaped by a range of factors including geography, hydrology, climate, history, population size, economic development and so forth. It follows that each country’s legislation in general, and approach to water allocation and permitting in particular, represents a specific response to a specific set of circumstances.
WRDMAP. Abstraction Licensing Systems - International Experience [Thematic Paper 4.1]. WRDMAP, China (2010) 36 pp