The current document examines how livestock features in the Poverty
Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) prepared by Heavily Indebted Poor
Countries as they seek concessional lending from the World Bank and IMF.
An assessment has been made of the overall importance of livestock to
the country's economy and to its population, especially the poor, and
how accurately the PRSP reflects this. A ranking is given based on the
quality of data presented in the PRSP and the degree to which considered
and detailed strategies are put forward for reducing poverty through
Detailed case studies are presented for five countries: Niger, Ethiopia,
Mozambique, Laos and Pakistan. These explore the role of livestock
within the country and in the context of the PRSP, and recommendations
are proposed for guiding livestock policies towards achieving greater
Although the nature and demands upon livestock differ greatly between
countries embarking on the PRSP process, all fail to make a strong,
coherent case for support to this sector. The underlying reason for this
is that the PRSP process is guided by national ministries that fail to
recognize or understand the opportunities that livestock present for
reducing poverty. This Working Paper concludes with recommendations for
improving the PRSP process so that the interests and priorities of the
poor are better represented.
A two page executive summary is also available in addition to this
PPLPI, FAO, Rome, Italy, iv+52pp.