Tanzania is not on track to meet its Millennium Development Goal of 62% improved sanitation coverage by 2015. This failure is due to population growth characterised by rapid urbanisation which the Government of Tanzania is unable to service due to limited capacity, resources and lack of coordination of the other implementing stakeholders. Inadequate sanitation and hygiene results in morbidity and mortality for Tanzanian's due to endemic infections resulting in diarrhoea and other illnesses. This review summarises all the available literature to provide the current status of sanitation and hygiene and an overview of projects and programs in Tanzania. Finally, gaps have been identified in the current knowledge and recommendations made on how to improve sanitation and hygiene in Tanzania.
Thomas, J.; Holbro, N.; Young, D. A review of sanitation and hygiene in Tanzania. (2013) 86 pp.