The World Health Organisation (WHO) recently published the first global
profile of mental health services4 and it clearly shows that mental
illness, in most countries of the world, is simply not taken seriously.
Forty per cent of countries have no mental health policies and 25% have
no legislation in the field of mental health.
The availability of mental health professionals in large areas of the
world is extremely poor. More than 680 million people, the majority of
whom are in Africa and South Asia, have access to less than one
psychiatrist per million of population.
Mental health cannot be viewed in isolation, for it influences, and is
influenced by, development, gender, poverty, levels of education and
awareness, the provision and implementation of policy and legislation,
and issues of access to, and availability of, treatment and care. It
follows that mental health is a significant part of the mainstream of
health and development activity for any community anywhere.
A model in mental health and development: work in progress, presented at Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, 7-9 April 2003. Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, 11 pp.
A model in mental health and development: work in progress.