CRA (Community Risk Assessment) is a participatory process for assessing hazards, vulnerabilities, risks, ability to cope, preparing coping strategies and finally preparing a risk reduction options implementation plan by the local community.
CRA is a comprehensive method to be used by organisations involved in hazard management and risk reduction activities particularly the Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP) and its partners, where participation is a central consideration. It is also relevant to organisations involved in community based planning and management at local, regional or national levels.
This guidebook has been developed based on following two models/processes: the Community Risk Assessment Guideline developed by the Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP), Bangladesh, and the Participatory Action Plan Development (PAPD) process advanced by CNRS, ITAD, UK, University of Newcastle and University of Durham UK, with assistance from NRSP/DFID. It is a refresher for those who have already been trained in PRA approaches, disaster risk assessment and mitigation planning. It is a basic guide for those who wish to learn about and practice CRA.
Chapter 1 contains general description of CRA, its use, and how to use this guide. This gives a preliminary concept of CRA and its usefulness. It also helps prospective facilitators to use this guide. Time, resources and skills required for conducting CRA are also found in Chapter 1.
Chapter 2 describes the tasks that related to community risk assessment. The methods to conduct those activities are already widely in use in the country and the choice of methods depends on the goals and scope of the organisations or projects.
Chapter 3 contains the steps for conducting a CRA. Objectives, time, materials, preparation, processes and expected outputs for each of the fourteen CRA activities are described through 7 sequential steps. This chapter also presents proposed daily activities, timetables, and daily working schedules (Chapter 1 is nevertheless important for conducting the whole process).
The annexes provide formats for CRA activities.
Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP). A facilitators guidebook for community risk assessment and risk reduction action plan. Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh (2007) 60 pp.