Stimulated by work pioneered in Bangladesh, the paper outlines a
conceptual framework for using poultry as a tool in poverty alleviation.
There is now evidence from several countries that small poultry
enterprises with adequate institutional support targeting the poorest
rural women and their families can help them take the first step out of
poverty. However, for the concept to work as a poverty breaking tool (i)
the beneficiaries must come from the poorest segments of the village,
(ii) the cost of producing an egg must be lower than in the commercial
sector, (iii) an enabling environment must be established to keep a
small flock of hens, inter alia, access in the village to feed, vaccine,
vaccinations services, micro- finance, marketing and other inputs and
services, and (iv) the enabling environment must contain institutional
and political space to provide the people involved the possibilities and
opportunities to take the next step out of poverty.
In conclusion it is noted that for this concept to remain an important
tool in the fight against poverty, it is necessary to have a reliable
tool to document the achieved results and have an institutional and
political environment in which sharing of information is encouraged. One
of the next steps in replication of the concept will be to
institutionalise a paradigm, which encourages processes in which
experiences are accumulated and disseminated. The involved staff must
learn from mistakes and successes and build up a framework that
facilitates training, education, and research.
A Conceptual Framework For Using Poultry as a Tool in Poverty Alleviation [Revised version] presented at Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, 7-9 April 2003. Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, 17 pp.
A Conceptual Framework For Using Poultry as a Tool in Poverty Alleviation [Revised version]