A child can travel without a child car seat in some circumstances.
Taxis and minicabs (private hire vehicles)
In a licensed taxi or minicab:
- children under 3 years of age can travel without a child’s car seat or seat belt, but only on the back seat
- children aged 3 years or older can travel without a child’s car seat if they wear an adult seat belt
Coaches and minibuses
On coaches, children can travel without a car seat or seat belt, if they’re not available.
On minibuses, children aged 3 years or older can travel without a child’s car seat. They must wear a seat belt, if fitted. Children under 3 don’t need to use a car seat or seat belt, but they must sit in one of the rear seats (not next to the driver in the front).
If the correct child seat isn’t available, a child over 3 years of age can use an adult seat belt if the journey is all of the following:
- over a short distance
You can’t take children under 3 in a vehicle without a seat belt or the correct child car seat (except a taxi or minicab).
No room for a third child seat
Children under 3 must be in a child car seat. If there’s no room for a third child seat in the back of the vehicle, the child must travel in the front seat with the correct child seat.
Children over 3 years can sit in the back using an adult belt.
Vehicles without seat belts
Children under 3 must be in a child car seat. If there’s no seat belt, they can’t travel.
A child over 3 can travel in a back seat without a car seat and without a seat belt if the vehicle doesn’t have one.